Illustrated Articles

Dogs + Characteristics

  • Collie eye anomaly is an inherited, developmental disease in dogs. There is a mutation on the gene that determines the development of the eye, and this causes the blood vessels that support the retina to be underdeveloped, affecting vision.

  • Dogs, like people, produce a thick liquid inside their mouths called saliva. While the production of saliva is normal, excessive production is not.

  • As most pet owners acknowledge, our dogs recognize our facial expressions. A frown tells a pup something is amiss and a smile makes his tail wag. Now, there is scientific evidence to validate our observations.

  • How dogs see color is a long-standing topic of research and the results are pretty amazing. While dogs can’t appreciate all the colors that humans do, their world is not entirely black and white. In fact, dogs live in a pretty colorful world.

  • Getting a dog is a long-term commitment. Before choosing a pet, consider initial and recurring costs, home environment, size, temperament, and physical characteristics of the dog. Consider training, exercising, and grooming needs, along with your lifestyle.

  • Despite the huge variety in coat color, there are only two basic pigments that determine the color of canines: eumelanin (black) and phaeomelanin (red). All different variations in color are created by these two pigments, which are both forms of melanin.

  • Inherited traits or disorders are passed down in an animal’s genetic code. This genetic code is found in the animal’s DNA. The DNA contains thousands of genes. A gene is a specific DNA sequence that leads to the expression of an inherited characteristic.

  • Each time that DNA is replicated, errors can be made. One base may be switched for another base, for example an A switched with a C. In more severe situations, an entire section of the genetic code can be deleted or moved to a different location. Depending on where in the DNA this mutation occurs, the effects of these mutations may vary from nonexistent to severe.

  • Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a long molecule that contains an animal’s entire genetic code. Every cell in the body is created with identical strands of DNA. This DNA determines each cell’s structure and function, therefore determining the overall appearance, health, and actions of the entire animal.

  • The nose is a prominent canine facial feature…long, short, black, pink. Noses vary, but they all have one thing in common. Noses are key to canine survival.